Albert Einstein – Niemiecko – Żydowski fizyk
Albert Einstein – 14. 03. 1879. Was born German – Jewish physicist Albert Einstein, creator the theory of relativity, which apparently seems to be devoid of applications. However, it is a device which, without this theory would not work – a GPS receiver. In 1921. He won the Nobel Prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and contribution to the development of theoretical physics. From the age of four he played the violin. Elsa, his wife recalled:
„As a little girl I fell in love Albert, because so beautifully played Mozart on the violin. […] „
Werner Karl Heisenberg – Niemiecki fizyk, filozof, mechanik kwantowy
Werner Karl Heisenberg – 05.12.1901 born Werner K. Heisenberg, German physicist, philosopher, co-founder of quantum mechanics. In 1932. He won the Nobel Prize in physics, a fundamental contribution to the creation of quantum mechanics.
Maria Curie-Sklodowska – Polska Doktor fizyki
Maria Curie-Sklodowska – 10.12.1903 Maria Sklodowska–Curie was the first woman to receive a PhD in physics and the Nobel Prize.
Otto Hahn – Niemiecki chemik fizyczny
Otto Hahn – 22.12.1938. German physical chemist Otto Hahn performed the first attempt to split a nucleus of an atom for what in 1944. Won the Nobel Prize.
Albert Schweitzer – Francuzki teolog, filozof, lekarz
Albert Schweitzer – 01.14.1875 born French theologian, philosopher and physician A. Schweitzer. In 1912. He resigned from the post of associate professor of theology at the University of Strasbourg. A year later, in Lambarene (Gabon today) founded a hospital where he treated residents and led the missionary center. In 1952. He received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Wilhelm Roentgen – Niemiecki fizyk
Wilhelm Roentgen – 27.03.1845 born German physicist W. Roentgen. In 1895 he discovered a new kind of radiation, which he called X-rays. In 1901 received the first Nobel Prize in physics. He was also the physics of fluids and crystallography.
Max Planck – Niemiecki fizyk
Max Planck – 04.23.1858 born German physicist Max Planck. In 1889. He discovered a physical constant, later called his name. He was awarded the Nobel Prize. He was thermodynamics, heat radiation, energy dispersion, optics, relativity and quantum theory.
Guglielmo Marconi – Włoski wynalazca radia
Guglielmo Marconi – 25.04.1874 born Italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi. He works on the construction of the radio. In 1897. He received a patent for „The transmission of electrical signals„ and in 1901. Conducted a radio transmission across the Atlantic. In 1909. together with Karl Braun he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of wireless telegraphy.
Pierre Curie – Francuzki fizyk
Pierre Curie – 05.15.1859 was born French physicist Pierre Curie, husband of Maria Sklodowska-Curie. He studied crystals and radioactivity. He found with his wife elements radium and polonium. The first experience of the use of radium in the fight against cancer conducted on himself. In 1903 he received the Nobel Prize.
Alexander Fleming – Odkrywca penicyliny
Alexander Fleming – Odkrywca penicyliny – 08.06.1881 was born a Scottish doctor and bacteriologist Alexander Fleming. Discoverer of the effect of the fungus Penicillium link on staphylococci. Detected penicillin G acting strongly bactericidal. Winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine 1945.